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Jordan Valley

Join other pilgrims in the Jordan Valley and visit the tombs of Prophet Mohammad's Peace and Blessings be Upon Him venerable companions and military leaders May Allah be Pleased with Them who fell in battle or became victims to the Amwas Plague or Great Plague in the 18th year after Hijra.

The venerable companion Abu Ubeida Amer ibn Al-Jarrah May Allah be Pleased with Him was the Prophet's relative and one of the first converts to Islam. Among the early Muslims who fled to Abyssinia, Abu Ubeida May Allah be Pleased with Him participated in all major events. Furthermore, he is one of the 'Blessed Ten', to whom the Prophet Peace and Blessings be Upon Him, promised paradise.

Mosque of Abu Ubeida ibn Al-Jarrah (raa), Jordan Valley

As the supreme commander of the Northern Muslim Army, Abu Ubeida May Allah be Pleased with Him successfully conquered Greater Syria. Prophet Mohammad Peace and Blessings be Upon Him dubbed him "The Trustee of the Nation" because of the knowledge he acquired.

When the Prophet Peace and Blessings be Upon Him died, Abu Ubeida May Allah be Pleased with Him was among the candidates for the Caliphate. He believed Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq May Allah be Pleased with Him was to lead the Muslims and become Caliph because Prophet Mohammad Peace and Blessings be Upon Him had asked him to lead prayers upon his death.

Abu Ubeida May Allah be Pleased with Him thus managed to avoid insurrection and disunity amongst Muslims. At the age of 58, he fell victim to the Great Plague that spread through Greater Syria. In the central Jordan Valley, his tomb is a major Islamic center with a mosque, library, and a cultural center.

The handsome, generous and venerable companion Mo'ath ibn Jabal May Allah be Pleased with Him entered Islam at the age of 18. He was one of the six charged with the task of compiling the Holy Qur'an during the life of Prophet Mohammad Peace and Blessings be Upon Him who said of him "the most knowledgeable on what is allowed and prohibited (in Islam) is Mo'ath ibn Jabal" and that "Mo'ath will be at the forefront of all scholars on Judgment Day".

In fact, he was regarded as the most learned in matters of Halal (permissible acts) and Haram (forbidden acts). Before accompanying Abu Ubeida Amer ibn Al-Jarrah May Allah be Pleased with Him on his conquests and later succeeding him, Prophet Mohammad sent Mo'ath ibn Jabal May Allah be Pleased with Him as counselor to the people of Yemen.

He also took part in the Aqaba Allegiance Convention between the Prophet Peace and Blessings be Upon Him and his supporters from Medina. He died at the age of 38 in the Jordan Valley, having spent his short life teaching faith and the Holy Qur'an. Today a modern building with 5 domes houses the tomb.

Mosque of Abu Ubeida ibn Al-Jarrah (raa), Jordan Valley

The venerable companion Shurahbil ibn Hasanah May Allah be Pleased with Him was among the early Muslims who fled to Abyssinia. He was reputed for his strong faith, intelligence, bravery and successful administration. Shurahbil May Allah be Pleased with Him actively participated in the Battle of Yarmouk and the conquest of Jerusalem. When the Caliph Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq May Allah be Pleased with Him sent the Muslim armies to Greater Syria, Shurahbil May Allah be Pleased with Him was in command of the army assigned to the conquest of Jordan.

Later, the Caliph Omar ibn Al-Khattab May Allah be Pleased with Him appointed Shurahbil May Allah be Pleased with Him the governor of a province in Greater Syria, where he distinguished himself for his fair dealings with subordinates. He died from the plague on the same day as the venerable companion Abu Ubeida Amer ibn Al-Jarrah May Allah be Pleased with Him.

The venerable companion Amir ibn Abi Waqqas May Allah be Pleased with Him was the maternal cousin of the Prophet Peace and Blessings be Upon Him and the 11th man to convert to Islam. He was devoted to his faith, although his mother Himnah, daughter of Abi Sufyan ibn Harb ibn Umayyah, swore to stay out in the burning sun until he renounces Islam. He migrated to Abyssinia and fought in the Battle of Uhud and was later entrusted with carrying messages from the commanders of the Muslim army to the Caliph in Medina.

Furthermore, he was the deputy of the venerable companion Abu Ubeida May Allah be Pleased with Him in his governorship of the military district of Syria. You can visit his tomb located inside a new building erected on vaults, within the village of Waqqas in the northern Jordan valley.

The venerable companion Derar ibn Al-Azwar May Allah be Pleased with Him was a poet and a fierce warrior who loved combat. He fought in the wars of Apostasy and took part in the conquest of Greater Syria along with his distinguished sister Khawlah bint Al-Azwar. In the town of Deir Alla a mosque superimposed by a dome houses the tomb of Dirar ibn Al-Azwar May Allah be Pleased with Him. The 18th year after Hijra was when he, too, became a victim of the Great Plague.
 

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